In recent years China has been remarkable in achieving extraordinary economic transformation, yet without fundamental political change. To many observers this would seem to imply a weakness in Chinese civil society. However, though the idea of democracy as multitudes of citizens taking to the streets may be attractive, it is simultaneously misleading as it disregards the nature of political change taking place in China today: a gradual shift towards a polity adapted to a pluralist society. At the same time, one may wonder what the limited political space implies for the development of a social movement in China. This book explores this question by focusing on one of the most active areas of Chinese civil society: the environment.
China's Embedded Activism argues that China's semi-authoritarian limitations on the freedom of association and speech, coupled with increased social spaces for civic action has created a milieu in which activism occurs in an embedded fashion. The semi-authoritarian atmosphere is restrictive of, but paradoxically, also conducive to nationwide, collective action with less risk of social instability and repression at the hand of the governing elite.
Rich in case studies about environmental civic organizations in China, and written by a team of international experts on social movements, NGOs, democratization, and civil society, this book addresses a wide readership of students, scholars and professionals interested in development, geography and environment, political change, and contemporary Chinese society.
Current practice dictates the separation of the hardware and software development paths early in the design cycle. These paths remain independent with very little interaction occurring between them until system integration. In particular, hardware is often specified without fully appreciating the computational requirements of the software. Also, software development does not influence hardware development and does not track changes made during the hardware design phase. Thus, the ability to explore hardware/software tradeoffs is restricted, such as the movement of functionality from the software domain to the hardware domain (and vice-versa) or the modification of the hardware/software interface. As a result, problems that are encountered during system integration may require modification of the software and/or hardware, resulting in potentially significant cost increases and schedule overruns.
Enjoy a sweet story about the first Christmas in this unique new format. Each page turn brings the reader deeper into the environment and the story!
Anyone who has passed the age of seventy needs to have a positive attitude to life in order to enjoy it. This book explains how 'older cavers' develop and maintain this attitude, as well as taking an active interest in their chosen sport. There is something here for everyone, not just the cavers and non-caving pensioners, but for the younger folk, who will, one day, hopefully, experience life as 'older folk'. The book is filled with amusing and interesting articles for fire-side, or bed-time reading. The philosophies embedded in the text may also stimulate the thoughts of the perceptive reader. John Gillett is an active caver who belongs to several UK caving clubs. He has a passionate belief in the societal benefits of education and has played an active part in developing and implementing ideas on this subject internationally. He is married, with one daughter and two grand-children. He lives in Gawsworth, Cheshire.
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